See Article History Latin American architecture, history of architecture in Mesoamerica, Central America, South America , and the Caribbean beginning after contact with the Spanish and Portuguese in and , respectively, and continuing to the present. For centuries before about , indigenous American peoples had civilizations with unique architectural traditions; for these traditions, which continue to the present day, see Native American arts. After about , these traditions often became intertwined with those of Europe and North America ; for these European and North American histories, see Western architecture. The technical and theoretical aspects of architecture are treated elsewhere; see architecture. For a thorough treatment of the often-related visual art traditions of Latin America after about , see Latin American art. The colonial period, c. Over the course of the next 30 years, Spanish explorers encountered several Native American cities as large and as complex as any in Europe. The voyages of Christopher Columbus. The Santa Maria , being no longer seaworthy, was turned upside down on the beach, dragged up the coast, and recycled into a fort housing the first Spanish settlers.
Understanding the World, its People, and Cultures
In English, the term Hispano-Roman is sometimes used. A number of these men, such as Trajan, Hadrian and others, were in fact descended from Roman colonial families. Hispano-Roman is used to refer to the culture and people of Hispania. Spaniard is used to refer to the people of Spain. Hispania was the Roman name for the whole territory of the Iberian Peninsula. Initially, this territory was divided into two provinces:
Latin American architecture, history of architecture in Mesoamerica, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean beginning after contact with the Spanish and Portuguese in and , respectively, and continuing to the present. Before returning, Columbus ordered his men to build a fort.
Culture of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Culture Name Depending upon which island in this twin—island state is being discussed, the culture name is “Trinidadian” or “Tobagonian. Trinidad was named by Christopher Columbus on his third voyage to the New World. On the morning of 31 July , he saw what appeared to him as a trinity of hills along the southeastern coast. The island was called Iere, meaning “the land of the hummingbird,” by its native Amerindian inhabitants.
Tobago’s name probably derived from tabaco tobacco in Spanish. Trinidad but not Tobago is ethnically heterogeneous. Trinidadians of European ancestry are called “White” or “French Creole. The term Creole, from the Spanish criollo , meaning “of local origin,” refers to Blacks, Whites, and mixed individuals who are presumed to share significant elements of a common culture as well as biogenetic properties because most claim these designations do not represent “pure races.
Creole also serves to modify whiteness. The term “French Creole” refers to white families of long standing whether their surname is French-derived or not.
Speakers in the Americas total some million. It is also an optional language in the Philippines as it was a Spanish colony from to Shin, the number of Spanish speakers is projected to rise through to anywhere between 39 million and 43 million, depending on the assumption one makes about immigration. Most of these Spanish speakers will be Hispanic, with Ortman and Shin projecting between
Latin American art: Latin American art, artistic traditions that developed in Mesoamerica, Central America, and South America after contact with the Spanish and the Portuguese beginning in and , respectively, and continuing to the present. Read .
This method was taken to the West and is referred to as gilding. Many regional variations exist, notable among them the unusually large kufteh Tabrizi , having an average diameter of 20 centimetres 7. From Iberia to India , there is a large variety of meatballs in the kofta family. In Austria , fried meatballs are called Fleischlaibchen or Fleischlaberl. In Belgium , meatballs are called ballekes or bouletten in Flanders and are usually made of a mixture of beef and pork with bread crumbs and sliced onions.
Many other variations exist, including different kinds of meat and chopped vegetables. In Bulgaria , meatballs are called kyufte and are typically made from ground beef or pork, or a mix of the two. They can be shallow fried or grilled and often contain diced onions and soaked bread. They are a very popular dish. They are typically made with ground beef or a mixture of pork and beef and served with mashed potatoes or rice, often with tomato based sauce.
Death in Cultures Around the World
Share Shares 86 Thanks to the innate need of human beings to categorize things with seemingly arbitrary criteria and possibly some Eurocentric biases, the varied cultures of the Americas are divided by the arrival of Christopher Columbus in Having said that, here are 10 interesting pre-Columbian cultures. El Popular Occupying much of the northern coast of Peru, the Chimu culture is believed to have arisen sometime in the 10th century AD.
Possibly descended from small remnants of the Moche culture, which had flourished in the area centuries earlier, the Chimu built one of the most notable archaeological sites in all of South America:
Spanish (/ ˈ s p æ n ɪ ʃ / (); español (help · info)) or Castilian (/ k æ ˈ s t ɪ l i ə n / (), castellano (help · info)), is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is usually considered a global language and the world’s second-most spoken native language, after.
Rate of Circumcision in Adults and Newborns 1. Those whose eduction was more than a high school diploma had a rate of For men who have sex with men it was Prevalence increased, especially in blacks and Hispanics, from the s through the s. The decline was apparent in all racial group It should be noted that the San Francisco Bay Area is the heartland of the anti-circumcision movement, being where it started and where its leadership and main activists reside. Clearly this cohort of San Francisco residents differs from the rest of the USA, where circumcision rates are much higher.
Circumcision rate in US males was, moreover, higher as a function of increase in income [Xu et al. Rates reported in one study were Most of the men in this survey had been circumcised in infancy. In there were claims for circumcision of males aged over 10 by a specialist and by a general practitioner [Medicare, a]. These figures are best for monitoring trends.
Understanding the World, its People, and Cultures
McLeod Overview The Cooperative Republic of Guyana—formerly the colony of British Guiana—is a country the size of its former colonial master, Great Britain, and slightly bigger than the state of Kansas. As one of many Caribbean nations, Guyana is often assumed to be an island rather than a continental country.
Larger than the rest of the English-speaking Caribbean put together, it sprawls across 83, square miles of the northeastern coast of South America, bounded on the west by Venezuela, on the southwest by Brazil, and on the east by Suriname. Its northern boundary consists of miles of coastline on the Atlantic Ocean.
The term Hispanic (Spanish: hispano or hispánico) broadly refers to the people, nations, and cultures that have a historical link to the Spanish language or the country of Spain, depending on the context.. It commonly applies to countries once under colonial possession by the Spanish Empire following Spanish colonization of the Americas, parts of the Asia-Pacific region and Africa.
Navigation Menu Cultural Group Guides The following guides emphasize information that can be used to stimulate thinking about cultural differences and prompt questions that will help providers understand how their patients identify with and express their cultural backgrounds. These are not fact lists to apply indiscriminately. African American The following cultural patterns may represent many African Americans, but do not represent all people in a community.
Each person is an individual, as well as a community member. The term African American generally refers to people descended from Africans who did not come to the US voluntarily—descendants of the four million slaves brought to the US between and The family may be matriarchal, although father or mother may take on the decision-making role. For African Americans, women more than men tend to remain unmarried, and more women have been educated at the college level.
In general, the older generation is more conservative, may have a more traditional view of gender roles, and may shun interracial dating and marriage. Elders are respected and often provide care for their grandchildren. Institutionalization of elders has historically been avoided, with sons and daughters taking on the family caretaker role. Diet Many African Americans like hearty meals that may include meat, fish, greens, rice, grits, white and sweet potatoes, corn, turnips, eggplant, peanuts, and homemade desserts.
Leafy greens may include spinach, collards, mustard, kale, and cabbage.
Latin American architecture
I Tried Dating in 6 Different U. Here’s What I Found Out. One woman’s quest for a good date. By Jada Yuan Mar 1, Dread. Why are you still married?
If you are so proud of being mixed, calling you Latino or hispanic is whitewashing you. Your white heritage is what makes you Latina and hispanic.
See Article History Latin American art, artistic traditions that developed in Mesoamerica, Central America , and South America after contact with the Spanish and the Portuguese beginning in and , respectively, and continuing to the present. This article will not discuss the art of non-Iberian colonial holdings that began late in the 16th century and culminated in the 17th; for these territories, see individual country articles e.
For more technical explorations of media, see individual media articles e. The architecture of the region is treated in a separate article; see Latin American architecture. The European discovery, conquest, and settlement of the Americas, which began in , created enormous changes in the indigenous cultures of the region. When Europeans arrived, mostly from Spain and Portugal , they came with painting and sculpture traditions dating back to antiquity.
For these artistic traditions, see Western painting and Western sculpture. For centuries indigenous American peoples had similarly formed civilizations with their own unique artistic practices, from the large political structures of the Inca and Aztec empires to the more scattered presence of small groups of nomadic peoples. For an exploration of these artistic traditions, see Native American arts. The importation of African slaves led to the presence of long-standing African visual arts traditions in the region as well.
For these traditions, see African art. Over the course of the decades and centuries after the European contact, Latin America underwent sweeping cultural and political changes that would lead to the independence movements of the 19th century and the social upheavals of the 20th century.